Types of Pergola

A pergola is a garden feature forming a shaded walkway, passageway, or sitting area of vertical posts or pillars that usually support cross-beams and a sturdy open lattice, often upon which woody vines are trained. As a type of gazebo, it may also be an extension of a building or serve as protection for an open terrace or a link between pavilions.

Pergolas may link pavilions or extend from a building’s door to an open garden feature such as an isolated terrace or pool. Freestanding pergolas, those not attached to a home or other structure, provide a sitting area that allows for breeze and light sun, but offer protection from the harsh glare of direct sunlight. Pergolas also give climbing plants a structure on which to grow.


Free Standing

Many pergolas are free standing and can be placed in a variety of locations, such as over a hot tub or even amid a garden.

Free Standing pergola


Attached Structure

Some pergolas are attached to a house. They are usually attached over front or back entrances to the home.

Attached pergola-designs

Box Pergola

The box pergola is known as such because of the placement of “solid nogs” amid the top rafters that help to form rows of boxes that may appear oblong or square.

Boxed Pergola

Planter Pergolas

Planter pergolas are becoming increasingly popular. This type of free-standing pergola is includes the addition of planter boxes at ground level.

planter pergola-open



Walkway Pergolas

These are free-standing pergolas that are used often in commercial areas. This structure is built to enhance walkways by providing shade.

walkway pergola